Spasmodic dysphonia links

Locate a doctor



  1. ^ Jump up to: a b c d e f g “Definition of Spasmodic dysphonia”. MedTerms medical dictionary. Retrieved 2007-05-11.
  2. Jump up ^ “Kennedy’s Voice: Rare Disorder Revealed”. ABC News. 8 January 2009. Retrieved 8 June 2017.
  3. ^ Jump up to: a b c d e “Spasmodic Dysphonia”. Publication No. 10-4214. National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders. Retrieved 2016-07-09.Includes text taken directly from the website. As a work of the National Institutes of Health, part of the United States Department of Health and Human Services, this text constitutes a work of the U.S. federal government, therefore it is in the public domain.
  4. Jump up ^ Lohmann K, Wilcox RA, Winkler S, Ramirez A, Rakovic A, Park JS, Arns B, Lohnau T, Groen J, Kasten M, Brüggemann N, Hagenah J, Schmidt A, Kaiser FJ, Kumar KR, Zschiedrich K, Alvarez-Fischer D, Altenmüller E, Ferbert A, Lang AE, Münchau A, Kostic V, Simonyan K, Agzarian M, Ozelius LJ, Langeveld AP, Sue CM, Tijssen MA, Klein C (2012). “Whispering dysphonia (DYT4 dystonia) is caused by a mutation in the TUBB4 gene”. Ann Neurol. 73: 537–545. doi:10.1002/ana.23829.
  5. Jump up ^ Sulica L (December 2004). “Contemporary management of spasmodic dysphonia”. Current Opinion in Otolaryngology & Head and Neck Surgery. 12 (6): 543–8. PMID 15548915. doi:10.1097/01.moo.0000145959.50513.5e.
  6. Jump up ^ Dystonias Fact Sheet: National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS)
  7. Jump up ^ Gündel H, Busch R, Ceballos-Baumann A, Seifert E (2007). “Psychiatric comorbidity in patients with spasmodic dysphonia – a controlled study.”. J. Neurol. Neurosurg. Psychiatr. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry. 78: 1398–400. PMC 2095627Freely accessible. PMID 17615166. doi:10.1136/jnnp.2007.121699.
  8. ^ Jump up to: a b Newswise Medical News | Patients with Selected Voice Disorders Are Subject to Psychiatric Problems
  9. Jump up ^ Seifert, E.; Kollbrunner, J. (2005-07-09). “Stress and distress in non-organic voice disorder.”. Swiss Med Wkly. Swiss Med Weekly. 135: 387–97. PMID 16220409.
  10. Jump up ^ Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol. 2001 Oct;110(10):941–5.
  11. Jump up ^ Spasmodic Dysphonia is a Neurological Disorder Current Evidence and References, by Christy L. Ludlow, Ph.D.
  12. Jump up ^ Merati AL, Heman-Ackah YD, Abaza M, Altman KW, Sulica L, Belamowicz S (November 2005). “Common movement disorders affecting the larynx: a report from the neurolaryngology committee of the AAO-HNS”. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 133(5): 654–65. PMID 16274788. doi:10.1016/j.otohns.2005.05.003.
  13. Jump up ^ Simonyan, Kristina; Tovar-Moll, Fernanda; Ostuni, John; Hallett, Mark; Kalasinsky, Victor F.; Lewin-Smith, Michael R.; Rushing, Elisabeth J.; Vortmeyer, Alexander O.; Ludlow, Christy L. (2008-02-01). “Focal white matter changes in spasmodic dysphonia: a combined diffusion tensor imaging and neuropathological study”. Brain: A Journal of Neurology. 131 (Pt 2): 447–459. ISSN 1460-2156. PMC 2376833Freely accessible. PMID 18083751. doi:10.1093/brain/awm303.
  14. Jump up ^ Simonyan, Kristina; Ludlow, Christy L.; Vortmeyer, Alexander O. (2010-01-01). “Brainstem pathology in spasmodic dysphonia”. The Laryngoscope. 120 (1): 121–124. ISSN 1531-4995. PMC 2797830Freely accessible. PMID 19795469. doi:10.1002/lary.20677.
  15. Jump up ^ Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 1999 Jan;120(1):129–33
  16. Jump up ^ Simonyan, Kristina; Ludlow, Christy L. (2012-02-01). “Abnormal structure-function relationship in spasmodic dysphonia”. Cerebral Cortex (New York, N.Y.: 1991). 22(2): 417–425. ISSN 1460-2199. PMC 3256408Freely accessible. PMID 21666131. doi:10.1093/cercor/bhr120.
  17. Jump up ^ Haslinger B, Erhard P, Dresel C, Castrop F, Roettinger M, Ceballos-Baumann AO (November 2005). “”Silent event-related” fMRI reveals reduced sensorimotor activation in laryngeal dystonia”. Neurology. 65 (10): 1562–9. PMID 16301482. doi:10.1212/01.wnl.0000184478.59063.db.
  18. Jump up ^ Simonyan, Kristina; Ludlow, Christy L. (2010-11-01). “Abnormal activation of the primary somatosensory cortex in spasmodic dysphonia: an fMRI study”. Cerebral Cortex (New York, N.Y.: 1991). 20 (11): 2749–2759. ISSN 1460-2199. PMC 2951850Freely accessible. PMID 20194686. doi:10.1093/cercor/bhq023.
  19. ^ Jump up to: a b c Ludlow, CL (June 2009). “Treatment for spasmodic dysphonia: limitations of current approaches”. Current Opinion in Otolaryngology & Head and Neck Surgery. 17 (3): 160–5. PMC 2763389Freely accessible. PMID 19337127. doi:10.1097/MOO.0b013e32832aef6f.
  20. Jump up ^ Grillone, GA; Chan, T (February 2006). “Laryngeal dystonia” (PDF). Otolaryngologic Clinics of North America. 39 (1): 87–100. PMID 16469657. doi:10.1016/j.otc.2005.11.001.
  21. ^ Jump up to: a b c d Chhetri, DK; Berke, GS (February 2006). “Treatment of adductor spasmodic dysphonia with selective laryngeal adductor denervation and reinnervation surgery”(PDF). Otolaryngologic Clinics of North America. 39 (1): 101–9. PMID 16469658. doi:10.1016/j.otc.2005.10.005.
  22. Jump up ^ Bressman, edited by Thomas T. Warner, Susan B. (2007). Clinical diagnosis and management of dystonia. London: Informa Healthcare. p. 111. ISBN 978-1-84184-317-9.
  23. ^ Jump up to: a b Wackym,, James B. Snow,… P. Ashley (2009). Ballenger’s otorhinolaryngology : head and neck surgery. (17th ed.). Shelton, Conn.: People’s Medical Pub. House/B C Decker. p. 918. ISBN 978-1-55009-337-7.
  24. Jump up ^ Klaben, Joseph C. Stemple, Leslie Glaze, Bernice Gerdeman (2000). Clinical voice pathology : theory and management (3. ed.). San Diego, Calif.: Singular Publ. Group. p. 368. ISBN 978-0-7693-0005-4.
  25. Jump up ^ Watts, C; Nye, C; Whurr, R (February 2006). “Botulinum toxin for treating spasmodic dysphonia (laryngeal dystonia): a systematic Cochrane review”. Clinical rehabilitation. 20 (2): 112–22. PMID 16541931. doi:10.1191/0269215506cr931oa.
  26. Jump up ^ TEDx Talk. Federico Bitti. Cervical Dystonia. Rewiring the brain through dance.
  27. Jump up ^ TEDx Talk . Joaquin Farias. Dystonia. Your movement can heal your brain.
  28. Jump up ^ Glove and Mail. Choosing music over meds, one man’s quest to retrain his brain to overcome dystonia.
  29. Jump up ^ Farias J. Limitless. How your movements can heal your brain. An essay on the neurodynamics of dystonia. Galene editions 2016
  30. Jump up ^ Farias J. Intertwined. How to induce neuroplasticity. A new approach to rehabilitate dystonias. Galene editions 2012.
  31. Jump up ^ Farias, J., Sarti-Martínez, MA. Title: “Elite musicians treated by specific fingers motion program to stimulate propiceptive sense”, Congreso Nacional De La Sociedad Anatómica Española, Alicante (España), European Journal of Anatomy, p. 110
  32. Jump up ^ Open Your Eyes. Freedom from Blepharospasm. Documentary. Out of the Box Productions.
  33. Jump up ^ “‘Dilbert’ creator recovers from rare disorder”. Associated Press. 2006-10-27. Retrieved 2007-07-30.
  34. Jump up ^ Frank Allison
  35. Jump up ^ Beal Jr., Jim (1998-04-29). “Golden country Johnny Bush hasn’t run dry after almost 50 years of heartaches and honky-tonks”. San Antonio Express-News.
  36. Jump up ^ The Voice Gallery – Thomas Allen Publishers – Thomas Allen & Son Limited
  37. Jump up ^ McHale, Laurie; Degginger, Craig (May 14, 1999). “Chip Hanauer’s restored voice gives him a new lease on life”. University of Washington News and Information. Retrieved September 22, 2012.
  38. Jump up ^
  39. Jump up ^ Liebovich, Mark (2006-06-25). “Another Kennedy Living Dangerously”. The New York Times. Retrieved 2007-07-30.
  40. Jump up ^ “Author Interview: Emily Lim”. Asia in the Heart, World on the Mind. Tarie at Blogger. Retrieved 7 April 2012.
  41. Jump up ^ Sullivan, Jim (2004-02-19). “Hello, Mary Lou – Goodbye, Heartache”. Boston Globe.
  42. Jump up ^ Heffernan, Virginia (2006-02-25). “After the Hit Records, A Search for His Roots”. The New York Times.
  43. Jump up ^ [1]
  44. Jump up ^ Clarke, Jenna. “The reason why ’90s pop star Jenny Morris disappeared”. Sydney Morning Herald.
  45. Jump up ^ Australian Story (Series 2015; Episode 37) – Raise Your Voice, Australian Broadcasting Corporation (ABC). First aired Monday 12 October 2015.
  46. Jump up ^ “About Diane Rehm”. WAMU 88.5 American University Radio. Retrieved 2007-07-30.
  47. Jump up ^ “Jimmie Rodgers: A Singer Silenced”.
  48. Jump up ^ “Mark Stuart informs his Facebook followers that he has Spasmodic Dyphonia”.
  49. Jump up ^ “Thompson’s Trials: UK Folk Rock Great Makes Triumphant Return to the Stage”. Tim Perlich, NOW Toronto. 2002-10-17. Retrieved 2007-08-23.
  50. Jump up ^ “Shania Twain Not Only Lost Husband, But Also Voice”. Jill Serjeant, 2011-05-04. Retrieved 2016-07-20.